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THE MARATHA KINGDOM AND CONFEDERACY
Third battle of panipat in 1761.

The history of the Marathas can be divided into two well-marked phases viz., the earlier phase from the later half of the seventeenth century till the death of aurangazeb i.e., the period of shivaji, sh More..





BEGINNING OF EUROPEAN COMMERCE
The earlier foreign merchants had mere commercial motives and had very little or no support from their native govts. But the European merchants who came to India during this period had the political and military support of their respective of their r More..





THE MUGHAL EMPIRE(1556-1707)
1.MUGHAL POLITY:

Babur:

Zahiruddin Muhammad Babur, who defeated Ibrahim Lodi at Panipat in 1526, founded the Mughal empire i More..





RELIGIOUS MOVEMENTS IN THE FIFTEENTH AND SIXTEENTH CENTURIES
The seeds of the Bhakti movements are to be found in the Upanishads.

The various Sufi saints had come to settle down in India in More..





THE INDO-ISLAMIC CULTURE
There are two distinct phases of the growth of this culture.

The first was the early medieval and sultanate phase, the other was the mughal phase when, under the akbar, aided by his liberalism, it bloomed as a common cultural heritage More..





VIJAYANAGAR EMPIRE - ADMINISTRATION AND SOCIETY

VIJAYANAGAR EMPIRE - ADMINISTRATION AND SOCIETY

The foundation on VE in 1336.

The VE was founded by Harihara More..





PROVINCIAL DYNASTIES OF NORTH INDIA AND THE DECCAN
The disintegration of the Sultanate actually from South India, when the Tughluq governor of Madurai(Mabar) revolted and founded an independent kingdom known as the Sultanate of Madura in 1333-34.

This was followed by the foundation of More..





THE DELHI SULTANATE ADMINISTATION AND AGRARIAN REFORMS
Muizuddin Md Ghori, the last Turkish conqueror of north India, defeated Prithviraj Chauhan, the Chauhan ruler of Ajmer, Delhi and parts of the Punjab, in the second battle of Tarain in 1192 and occupied his vast territory upto Delhi.

H More..





HISTORY OF SOUTH INDIA
The history of south India is divided into two well-marked regions – to the north of Krishna-Tungabhadra and to the south of it.

The former is traditionally known as Deccan Plateau.

In the Deccan, the Rastrakutas ruled More..





EARLY MEDIEVAL INDIA
H.C.Raichaudari’s book – political history of ancient India.

D.C.Sircar characterized the medieval period as landlordism.

B.D.Chattopadyaya gave the integrated model for the medieval period.

Burton Stein More..





CHANGES IN SOCIAL STRUCTURE OF ANCIENT INDIA
THE LATER VEDIC AGE

During the later Vedic period, the varna system was transformed into a caste system.

Marriage between the persons of the same gotra was prohibit More..





AGRARIAN STRUCTURE IN THE POST-GUPTA PERIOD
The debate on feudalism:

Prof. R.S. Sharma uses the term feudalism to characterize the socio-economic formation in the post-gupta period.

In this system, the landlo More..





TRADE AND COMMERCE IN THE PRE-GUPTA AND GUPTA PERIOD
I. TRADE AND COMMERCE FROM MAURYAN TO KUSHANA PERIOD

The jatakas constantly refer to the standard number of eighteen important handicrafts and industries.

The jata More..





THE GUPTAS AND THEIR SUCCESSORS (AD 300 - AD 750)
Foundation of the Gupta Dynasty

There were many Gutas among the official of the Satavahana conquerors of the Shakas, for instance, Shiva Gupta of the Nasik inscription, Puru Gupta More..





THE SANGAM AGE
Historical and pre-historical background

The extreme southern part of India from the tirupathi hill (vengadam) also known as pullikunram in an aham passage to cape comorin (kanyak More..



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